May 11, 2017 01:03 AM EDT
The author of Acts is Luke. Although Luke is not much written in the New Testament, Luke is the author of the Gospel and Acts. Acts is the sequel to Luke. In Acts 1: 1, it says, "my former book" which is the Gospel of Luke. Jesus' biography was recorded by four people, but the life of the apostles and the records of the early church were only by the one. Luke is also recognized as the most literary book among the four Gospels.
Luke was a doctor. Colossians 4:14 states, "Our dear friend Luke, the doctor" and the medical terminologies used by Luke in Gospel support it. It is written in Matthew 19:24, Mark 10:25, and Luke 18:25 that "it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God."; Luke used the term for this needle as a surgical needle. The Greeks use the language analytically, and the word needle is also used as a household needle (Raphis) and as a surgical (Belone). In the Gospel of Luke, the Greek word for "Belone", which means a surgical needle, was used.
Also Luke recorded the disease in medical terms. There are many scenes in the Bible that heal disease, and Luke uses very specialized medical terms for illness and symptoms. Also, in Luke 9:38, "A man in the crowd called out, "Teacher, I beg you to look at my son, for he is my only child." he used the term for request to heal disease; in Greek, the term of general request and the one of request to the doctor to heal are different.
Luke recorded the words with a peculiar, analytical and systematic view of the doctors. Physicians study physiology, pathology, and therapeutics in a very sophisticated and systematic way, even when they are studying. It is necessary to be cautious, strict, and meticulous, as it is to deal with the precious human body. Just as Matthew had carefully recorded the analects of Jesus with the tax-bearing mind, Luke recorded the valuable history of Jesus, the Apostles, and the Early Church with a systematic, analytical, and cautious view.
Luke wanted to testify about the life of Jesus Christ and the lives of His disciples. So, despite the difficulties of finding papers and pens, he recorded a vast amount of the Gospel and the Acts in detail and systematically. In Luke 1: 3, Luke says, I "write an orderly account." Step by step elaborately Luke records the books. Luke first wrote about Jesus Christ through the Gospel, and then introduced us the lives of the apostles through Acts. In the Gospel of Luke it was first written about Jesus' 30 years of private life, three years of public life, and three days (the cross and the resurrection) and ascension. This is the record from Galilee to Jerusalem. The next book is a record of the life of the apostles, detailing how the gospel was preached in Jerusalem and brought to Rome. We need to study this book of Acts and re-establish the history that the apostles have brought to Rome. The last testimony of the book of Acts that "Boldly and without hindrance he preached the kingdom of God and taught about the Lord Jesus Christ." is to be accomplished and perfected through us.
Luke was also a co-worker of Paul (Phil 1:24, 2 Timothy 4:11); he joined Paul's missionary journey and had been with Paul the longest. The book of Acts ends with a scene in which Paul goes to Rome and waits for trial, and there was also Luke there. He was always by Paul until the end. Paul had a thorn in the flesh (2 Corinthians 12: 7), and he was so weak that he had difficulty in preaching the Gospel (Galatians 4:13). Luke had carried Paul's weakness in this body and co-worked in ministry together, as his dedicated doctor. Paul was not one of the twelve disciples; he was once the enemy of Christianity. But when Luke saw Paul was converted and devoted in mission, and he abandoned prejudice that he was a persecutor before, and paid attention to the preciousness and passion in Paul. And he saw the burning love for the Christ in Paul. And he threw his whole body to help his ministry. Paul might be able to testify the Gospel more powerfully because he had Luke. Luke was a wonderful and humble faithful man who recorded Paul's actions well, without ever revealing himself, though he was traveling along with Paul and the world.